Score: _____ out of 9 (= 18 points ÷ 2) LINGUISTICS 1: ASSIGNMENT 6Name: KEY TA: Section: 1. (4 points) Here are some things that Gretchen said at two periods when she was acquir-ing English as a young child. The left hand column shows what she said using normal spelling of the English words. The middle column shows her actual pronunciation for the utterances that I bothered to write down phonetically: First Data Set: ABOUT 1 YEAR, 9 MONTHSEnglish “spelling”Phonetic (when noted)Intended meaningTake out. All clean. Squeezing her. [aw kin] [gizi h±] ‘Take them out.’ (pegs in a pounding board) ‘It’s all clean.’ ‘I’m squeezing her.’ Second Data Set: ABOUT 1 YEAR, 11 MONTHS TO 2 YEARS, 2 MONTHSEnglish “spelling”Phonetic (when noted)Intended meaningGive me um. Falling all over place. Gretchen go take a little bath. [faw²n aw ova pes] [g³ts±n go tek ±n²w bæs] ‘Give them to me.’ ‘They’re falling all over the place.’ ‘I’m going to go take a little bath.’1(a) Which universal stage of language acquisitioncould we claim Gretchen has reached in each of the data sets above? First set: two-word stageSecond set: telegraphic stage(b) FOR THE FIRST DATA SET, give two ways in which Gretchen’s sentences resemble adult speech. You may cite features either of sentence form(e.g. “she uses Subject-Verb word order in the sentence [cite example]”) or of the expression of meaning relationships(e.g. “she shows the action + locationmeaning relation in her sentence [cite example]”). First resemblance: SYNTAX EXAMPLES: VP = Verb + Adverb (“take out”); VP = Verb + Object NP (“squeezing her”); AdjP = Intensifier + Adjective (“all gone”) Second resemblance: MEANING RELATIONSHIPS: action-location (“take out”); action-affected (“squeezing her”)(c)FOR THE SECOND DATA SET, give two ways in which the STRUCTUREof Gretchen’s sentences differs from adult speech. You may cite SPECIFIComissions, word order differences, or word substitutions. Ignore differences in pronunciation. ANSWER ON THE TOP OF THE NEXT PAGE.1At this stage, Gretchen referred to herself by her name.
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Linguistics 1, Assignment 6, p. 2 First difference: omission of subject(“[they’re] falling…”)“up it” instead of “it up”; omission of AUXwith “go(ing)”; omissionof “-ing”suffix on “going” OR “omission of whole phrase “is/am going”;(continued under 2nddifference); indirect object pronoun before direct objectpronoun (“give me um”)Second difference: maybe omission of prep. or art.