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2008W_Assig_7_key - Score out of 9(= 27 points 3...

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Score: _____ out of 9 (= 27 points ÷ 3) LINGUISTICS 1: ASSIGNMENT 7 Name: KEY TA: Section: 1. (4 points) Dichotic listening. Design a dichotic listening experiment that would demonstrate that speech is processed in the left hemisphere of the brain whereas non- linguistic sounds are processed in the right hemisphere. Use a design similar to that described in lecture and at the top of page 106 of the APS course reader. (a) List SPECIFIC EXAMPLES of stimuli that you would play for subjects of the experiment: Linguistic stimuli Non-linguistic stimuli should be spoken words or phrases, e.g. should be environmental sounds, PLANE, TRAIN animal sounds, music, sound of plane or train, etc. (b) Show how you would set the experiment up, i.e. draw pictures of how the subjects would be set up for each set of sounds (similar to the picture on the top of page 106 of the APS reader) and the stimuli that would be played into the subjects’ ears. (c) Referring to your diagrams in (b), give the responses you would expect subjects to give to each set of stimuli. The subject should identify the LINGUISTIC stimulus played into the RIGHT EAR. The subject should identify the NON-LINGUISTIC stimulus played into the LEFT EAR. (d) You test 50 female university students and 50 male university students. You verify that none of the subjects have experienced any brain trauma, have hearing problems, or have been primed to favor one ear over the other. Suppose that out of your 100 subjects, 4 of them, two men and two women, showed exactly the opposite result from the other 96. After assuring that your equipment had worked properly, what would be the first thing you would check for each of these 4 subjects? Whether or not they are left-handed.
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Linguistics 1, Assignment 7, p. 2 2. (1 point) Distribution of brain functions. Some people like to listen to music when they read, whereas other people cannot have music playing when they read, finding that it distracts them from the content of the reading. Given what we know about the way cognitive functions are distributed in the brain, WHAT WOULD BE THE MOST LIKELY EXPLANATION FOR WHY PEOPLE DIFFER IN THEIR ABILITY TO READ WHILE LISTENING TO MUSIC ? Reading involves language processing, which is a left hemisphere function. Some people probably process music analytically, using their left hemisphere, which conflicts with language processing, whereas others listen to music more globally using the right hemisphere.
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