areRecycle talk - California Beverage Container Recycling...

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    California Beverage  Container Recycling  and Litter Reduction Study   Peter Berck and George Goldman, Principal Investigators with the assistance of Tim Beattie, Jeffrey LaFrance, Anna Gueorguieva, Aya Ogishi, Bruce McWilliams, and Peter Ho
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    Comparison with Other States Chapter 2. Anna Gueorguieva and Peter Berck
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    Outline 1) Distinctive Features of CA 2) Lessons from Canada 3) Good examples from the European Union
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    CRV CRV is California Redemption Value Distributors pay 5c under 24 oz and 10c for larger bottles into a government fund for each container sent to a retailer. When consumers return containers, they are paid a refund by weight that approximates the 5 and 10 cents Aluminum, Glass, and Plastic beverage containers are covered.
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    Coverage 11 States have bottle bills California has widest coverage, Maine and Hawaii are next No dairy 4 include wine and liquor No items included in WIC program (e.g. juice in containers of 48 oz or greater) in CA
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    Lowest Deposit per Container Deposits for non-refillable containers in other states is at least 5 cents States with higher deposits have higher recycling rates Michigan – 10 cent deposit – 94% for 2000 Vermont – 5 cents, 15 for liquor – 90-95%
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    Producer Responsibility In California deposits go towards program administration Massachusetts 100% of unredeemed deposits to state + additional handling fee Oregon Unredeemed deposits returned to distributors California closer to Massachusetts
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    Convenience of Return California is the only state where retail centers are not in the reclamation system Curbside, Old Line recycling, drop off, and “Convenience Centers” Limited hours open Within ½ mile of supermarkets No need to sort containers by maker Containers do not go back to distributor as in other states
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    Incentives on the Collection Side Recycled content law (same as Oregon) Difference between supply and demand price of recycled material (processing fee) Municipalities need to decrease waste by 50% Handling fees CA 2.5 cents OR none Others 1-3 c No disposal of recyclables without approval
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    Lessons from Canada Large number of containers covered 7 out of 11 provinces cover all containers but milk Variation in deposit value for different type of containers due to difficulty of handling beer and liquor – higher deposit distinction between metal and plastic refillable vs one-use Point of Purchase non-refundable recycling fee (6 out of 11 provinces)
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    Programs for prevention and reuse of  containers Compulsory refill containers Denmark – beer and soft drinks Quotas for reuse containers Germany for beverages Taxes on one-way containers
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    Container Recycling and  Costs Chapter 3 Goldman and Ogishi
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    Average California Household Disposal Cost,1999 $140/ton
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This note was uploaded on 08/01/2008 for the course ARE 262 taught by Professor Berck during the Spring '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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areRecycle talk - California Beverage Container Recycling...

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