APUSH FALL FINAL STUDY GUIDE - Misa Womack Period 2 APUSH...

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Misa WomackPeriod 2APUSH FALL FINAL STUDY GUIDEPeriod 1: 1491-1607 (Chapter 1)1.Columbian ExchangeThe Columbian Exchange refers to a period of cultural and biological exchanges between theNew and Old Worlds.Exchanges of plants, animals, diseases and technology transformedEuropean and Native American ways of life. It made for the dispersal of the new and old worldcultures across the Atlantic.2.Encomienda SystemA grant by the Spanish Crown to a colonist in America conferring the right to demand tribute andforced labor from the Indian inhabitants of an area.3.Differences in treatment of Native Americans (Juan de Sepulveda, Bartolome de Las Casas)Sepulveda was ok with letting the NA live as slaves, but Casas said they deserved to be equal.Represented the two views on the NA at the time4.Iroquois ConfederationIroquois Confederacy Or Five Nations. The Iroquois Confederacy, or Five Nations, was an allianceof five, later six, American Indian tribes—the Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca, andTuscarora—located in modern-day New York state.Period 2: 1607-1754 (Chapter 2-4)5.Early problems at JamestownThe Jamestown colony ran into issues because most of the colonists died of hypothermia andstarvation. They also had a lot of troubles dealing with the native Americans and fighting off thediseases of the new world.6.House of BurgessesThe Virginia House of Burgesses was the first democratically-elected legislative body in BritishNorth America. This group of representatives met from 1619 until 1776.7.Mayflower CompactBritish colonists agreed to put the needs of the community above individual needs and rule bymajority instead of by king8.Puritans, Great MigrationThe Puritans moved in mass from England to the new American colonies in an effort to start anew life free from religious persecution.9.Religious toleration in colonies (Roger Williams, Anne Hutchinson, Act of Toleration)Roger Williams: Left the Puritans and founded his own baptist colony in RIAnne Hutchinson: Did not agree with the Puritans and leftAct of Toleration: (May 24, 1689), act of Parliament granting freedom of worship toNonconformists (i.e., dissenting Protestants such as Baptists and Congregationalists). It was oneof a series of measures that firmly established the Glorious Revolution (1688-89) in England10.Role of tobaccoTobacco saved Jamestown (John Rolfe brought tobacco) Tobacco grew well and Jamestown wasable to trade and save themselves from the starving11.King Phillip’s War, Pequot Wars
Misa WomackPeriod 2King Philip's War, sometimes called the First Indian War, was an armed conflict betweenAmerican Indian inhabitants of present-day New EnglandThe Pequot War was an armed conflict between the Pequot tribe and an alliance of the Englishcolonists of the Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, and Saybrook colonies and their Native Americanallies which occurred between 1634 and 163812.Mercantilism, role of Navigation ActsMercantilism is the economic practice in which the colony and their economic endeavors are all

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History, Compromise Of 1850, The Columbian Exchange, American Revolution, Slavery in the United States, American Civil War, Misa Womack

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