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ATI Fundamentals ReviewLevels of Health CarePreventative Health CareoFocuses on educating to reduce & control risk factors for diseaseImmunizationsStress mgmt. Primary Health CareoEmphasizes health promotion Prenatal & well-baby careNutrition counseling Disease control Secondary Health CareoDiagnosis and treatment of acute illness and injuryInpatient & emergency deptDiagnostic centersEmergent care centersTertiary Health CareoSpecialized & highly technical careIntensive careOncologyBurn centersRestorative Health CareoIntermediate follow-up care for restoring healthHome health RehabilitationSkilled nursing facilities Continuing Health CareoLong term or chronic health care needsEnd of life Palliative careHospiceAdult day careIn-home respite care Interprofessional Personnel (Non Nursing) Spiritual Support Staff – pastor, rabbis, priest Registered Dietitian-assesses, plans and educates regarding nutritional needsLab Techs- obtains specimens of body fluids, and performs diagnostic testsOccupational therapist- assesses and plans for clients to regain ADLsPharmacist- Provides and monitors medicationPhysical Therapist- assesses & plans for clients to increase musculoskeletal functionProvider-assesses, diagnoses and treats disease and injuryRadiologic Tech- positions clients and performs x-ray & other imaging
ATI Fundamentals ReviewRespiratory therapist- evaluates respiratory status & provides treatments Social worker- works w/ clients & families by providing resources to meet needs Speech-Language Pathologist- evaluates disorders regarding speech, language or swallowingRoles of RN AssessmentEstablish nursing diagnosis, goals and interventionsConduct ongoing client evaluationsRoles of LPNWork under supervision of RN Collaborate in the nursing processCoordinate plan of careConsult w/ other team membersRecognize the need for referrals to assist w/ actual or potential problemsPossess technical knowledge and skillsParticipate in the delivery of nursing care, using the nursing process as a frame workRoles of Unlicensed Assistive Personnel (UAPs, CNAs, CMAs etc. )Works under supervision of RN or LPNPosition description in the employing facility outlines specific tasks which may include:oFeeding clientsoPreparing nutritional supplementsoLiftingoBasic care (grooming, bathing, transferring, toileting, positioning)***oVital signs***oAmbulating***Ethical Responsibilities Ethical principles pertaining to the treatment of clients include:oAutonomy- Right to make own decisions about healthcareoBeneficence- Positive actions to help othersoFidelity- agreement to keep promisesoJustice- fairness in care delivery and use of resourcesoNonmaleficence- Avoidance of harm or injuryBasic principles of ethics include:oAdvocacy- support of clients; health, safety & personal rightsoResponsibility- willingness to respect obligations and follow through o