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Grady 1 The Reconstruction Era: Who was the real Winners?Sylvester L. GradyDr. Vincent MikkensenHIST221 African-American History before 187719 March 2017
Grady 2One can argue that the Reconstruction Era was the “growing pains of the young United States, and that it was time where change was constant with new programs coming about and both slaves and slave owners attempting to adjust and adapt to the new ways of living. Today, I will discuss the programs, the changes that had to be addressed, as well as the obstacles that bothsides had to face during this epic era of American history. Programs Image being a slave your entire life and realize that your freedom was coming near wouldyou be excited? Would you be worried? What’s expected of a slave that’s had a master/slave-owner for generations? Newly freed slaves believed that since they had their independence that they needed land, and that it would take the Federal level of government to make this happen. InJanuary of 1862 The Port Royal Experiment, was one of the first major attempts by Northerners to reconstruct the Sothern’s political and economic systems. General Sherman also requested teachers from the North to train ex-slaves and three months later Salmon Chase, The US Treasury appointed attorney, Edward Pierce to begin the Port Royal Experiment, which created schools, and hospitals for ex-slaves, and also to let ex-slaves buy and run plantations. [The]. Initially, there were 53 volunteers of teachers and doctors who want to participate in the experiment to help the ex-slaves, which they did and one of the largest missionary schools Penn School, was created through the Port Royal Experiment. On January 16, 1865 Union General William T. Sherman promised freedmen they would receive land, with the program Special FieldOrder #15.