Sex Com Test 2 Review [694514] - Sex Com Test Review Great...

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Sex Com Test Review Great Apes6 Branches of Great Apes: Chimps, Bonobos, Humans, Gorrilas, Orangutans, GibbonsModern Chimps: Bonobos (3 million years/ CLOSEST), Humans (5 million), Gorillas (9 million), Orangutans (16million) , Gibbons (22 million) Chimps: -Bonds between malesare the STRONGEST-Females don’t form strong bonds with males or females. Move through different ranges within territory patrolled males -Multimale-muiltifemale matingBonobos: -Egalitarian and peaceful-Communities maintained through bonding BETWEEN FEMALES, females bond with males also-Male status derived from mother-Bond between mother and child is life long-Multimale-multifemale matingHumans:-Most socially diverse among primates-Evidence for all types of bonding-Multimale-multifemale matingGorilla: -Single male dominates his families unit made of several females and young-When male apes reach sexual maturity they are forced out -Strongest bonds are males and adult females -Polygamous (more than one) matingOrangutans: -Show little bonding of any kind. -Males don’t tolerate each other. Establish territories where females live-Females maintain own range-Mating is dispersed, infrequent and often violentGibbons:-Nuclear family units-Each couple maintains and defends a territory-Mating is monogamous
Comparison of Bonobo, Chimp and Human Socio-Sexual Behavior and Infant Development-Human and Bonobofemales copulate (have sex) throughout menstrual cycle, as well as during lactation and pregnancy-Female Chimpsonly sexually active between 25%-40% of their cycles-Human and Bonobo infants develop much slower than chimps. -Female Bonobosreturn to group immediately after giving birth and copulate within months and don’t experience infanticide-Bonobos and Humansenjoy many different sex positions. Female Bonobos like missionary Males like rear entry-Chimpsonly like rear entry-Bonobos and Humans gaze into each others eyes when having sex and kissing (Chimps don’t)-Food sharing happens often with Humans and Bonobos, Moderately associated with chimps-Homosexuality rare in Chimps but high in human and Bonobos -Sexual activity in chimpsand other primates is primarily for reproduction-Humans and Bonobos use sex for: Tension reductionBondingConflict resolutionEntertainmentDebated Human Mating Systems-Pair Bond Strategy: (one man, one woman.. forever)-Mixed Strategy: (mostly pair bonded but occasional extra sexual partners) -Communal strategy:(sex and child rearing are communal activities)Culture Culture: A system of knowledge, beliefs, values, customs, behaviors, and artifactsCulture is: learned, shared, symbolic, arbitrary, internalized-Culture is learnednot something you are born with. The learning process is called socialization-Culture is shared. Multiple people must hold the same beliefs-Culture is symbolic:Cultures hold symbolic/ sexual meanings -Culture is arbitrary: In America tan skin makes ppl look good. In China people try to have white skin.

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