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hydrocarbons - HYDROCARBONS Yasser ashour 127978 Abstract...

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HYDROCARBONSYasser ashour127978
Abstract The aim of this experiment is to differentiate between different types of hydrocarbons and their structure. Firstly, nitration test is to be held by adding HNO3 and sulphuric acid to hydrocarbon then allow it to cool down for benzene the colour will be yellow and for toluene it will be yellowish oily. Moreover, sulphonation test is carried out by adding concentrated sulphuric acid to benzene and toluene homogenous colour will be obtained after that put it into hot water bath for few minutes then allow it to cool down clear solution will obtained for benzene while white ppt will be noticed fortoluene. Furthermore, by freezing test as we place the tube into an ice bath benzene will form solid crystals while toluene will remain in liquid state. picrates test is held to differentiate between naphthalene and anthracene as we add saturated acetone to both samples naphthalene will give yellow picrate while anthracene will give red picrate.Contents
Abstract.................................................................................................................................................1Introduction...........................................................................................................................................3Types Hydrocarbons..........................................................................................................................3Properties of hydrocarbons...............................................................................................................3Usage of hydrocarbons......................................................................................................................4Results...................................................................................................................................................4References.............................................................................................................................................4IntroductionIn organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon, and thus are group 14 hydrides. Hydrocarbons from which one hydrogen atom has been
removed are functional groups, called hydrocarbyls. Aromatic hydrocarbons (arenes), alkanes, alkenes, cycloalkanes and alkyne-based compounds are different types of hydrocarbons.Types Hydrocarbons Much of hydrocarbons found on Earth naturally occur in crude oil, where decomposed organic matter provides an abundance of carbon and hydrogen which, when bonded, can catenate to form

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Term
Spring
Professor
amr abdelkader
Tags
Heat Transfer, crude oil

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