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Ashley1Ashley, Ternaecia Professor Michael McNallyEastern Civilization15 November 2016In the 19thcentury, due to an extended duration of isolationism, both China and Japan were placed under pressure from the West to open to both foreign relations in addition to trades. In result of the Industrial Revolution that had taken place in Europe and the United States, a schism was created, causing China and Japan’s technology and military to be behind. Unfortunately, because neither China nor Japan obtained the power to stand up to the Western nations, eventually both were forced to sign unequal treaties that forced them to open their ports and cities to foreign merchants. However, the two Asian nations response to the West’s increasing pressure to open to a trade were completely different. While Japan surrendered to Western pressure, China rebelled, causing successful modernization to Japan and failure to China. Although Western books had been banned since the 17thcentury, due to the fear of Christian influence, Japan obtained much more interest than China pertaining to gaining knowledge about and from the West. Due to the relationships formed with the West, both Japan in addition to China were heavily affected in several aspects: politically, economically, and socially.