IA Class Notes - 1 East Asia in the Beginning East Asia...

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1East Asia in the Beginning: East Asia Before the West: Five Centuries of Trade and Tribute2Imperial Expansion4Urban Culture East Asia10Wartime Hegemony14Wartime Atrocities16Democratization30Economic Realignments34Environmental Concerns38Territorial Disputes41Rightward Shift and Back?44North Korea: Nuclearization?47Peace (or Unification) on the Korean Peninsula51Complex Ethnic Identities55East Asian Soft Power60
2East Asia in the Beginning: East Asia Before the West: Five Centuries of Trade and TributeChina is at Center of WorldSino-centered world order, China is the center of civilizationOther countries wanted to be like Chinese civilization, so countries adopted and adaptedadmirable parts of chinese cultureChina as the middle kingdom: Things adopted across Asia from ChinaConfucianism and confucian classicsBuddhismGovernment Structure: Bureaucracy, Civil Service examinationsLiterature and literacy (literary Chinese as shared writing despite diff spoken languages)Language of the educatedArts and Culture (ex. Landscape paintings)Tribute system as diplomacy PeaceTribut system contributed to peaceTribute sys as “set of international rules and institutions”China is the “hegemon” is above other countries (unequal relationships)China was considered more powerful, both in authority and materials/cultureChina did not exploit states, as long as it was respectedTrouble from the outsideFor the most part….Sinicized, “inferior” states didn’t rebel against China, but the “uncivilized nomads” such as the mongols rebelled and caused problemsWestern system of international relationsWestphalian systemSystem where “oh everyone is equal of course” results in war, is a lie, not actually equalThemes1. Tribute system provided the basis of international interactions in E Asia2. Confucian order made up of CN, KR, Vietnam (looked up to China, culturally east asian!), JP3. Diplomacy, War, Trade, cultural exchange within East Asia based on tribute system and confucian orderTribute SystemCritics say: it was only functional or symbolic, or non-existent (we are projecting, or misunderstanding the past)Nope It’s real! Tribute Provided excuse to travel, barter along the way, learn some thingsWar and Peace in East Asia, 1368-1842Chinese Invasion of vietnam
3Looking at E Asia forward and backwardE ASia is still the center of E asiaAs westernized as E asia may seem, “it is striking how relatively little East ASia has, in fact, been Westernized” (Martin Jacques)E Asia “emerged from their own historical experiences and intellectual worldviews”
4Imperial ExpansionChinaManchu Qing Dynasty (1644-1912)Qianlong Emperor of China (1735-1796)Western countries had been trying since 1793 o trade w AsiaMacartney mission turned away in 1793Chian only one port for trade w foreignersTrade imbalance favoring Chinese (Chinese didn't want western goods, but europeans wanted silk, china, spices, etc)Opium War (1839-42)

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