lecture_18_2x2 - Announcements and Such One Song...

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Announcements and Such One Song — Renaissance “Mother Russia” from Turn of the Cards Second Essay Topics Posted ( due 4/5 ): We will go over and discuss the topics today Time Permitting: The Analysis of Knowledge III Internalism vs Externalism and Theories of Truth Postscript: Virtue Epistemology Please welcome our visitor: Professor Christopher Hitchcock from Caltech [one of the world’s leading philosophers of science, and the guy who turned me on to Renaissance ] 1. Compare and contrast classical vs empiricist views of truths of reason (with any eye toward deciding which view you think is more plausible). Your discussion should begin by addressing the central question: (a) What are truths of reason, and why are they necessarily true on a classical view? [Here, be sure to cover the synthetic a priori as well as the analytic].  Additionally, you should also address at least one of the following three questions (from the point of view of classicism vs empiricism): (b) From an empiricist standpoint, why is the synthetic a priori is an illegitimate category?, (c) Can there be empirical necessary truths?, and (d) Are all (conceptually) necessary truths a priori ? 2. Compare & contrast Coherentism & Foundationalism (with any eye toward deciding which view you think is more plausible). Your discussion should touch on at least the following two issues: (a) the precise role of coherence as a contributor to justification (and/or truth and knowledge), (b) whether foundational beliefs (or the coherence of one's beliefs) are (is) the sine qua non of justification (and/or knowledge) . Second Essay Questions I 3. Discuss either the preface paradox or the lottery paradox (but not both). First, explain what the (chosen) paradox is. Then, explain what it is supposed to show about deductive/inductive inference and the transmission of justification/ knowledge. Do you think it succeeds in showing what it is supposed to show? Explain. [See lectures #12 and #13 for my notes on these two paradoxes.] 4. Deductive inference is supposed to a be a primary means of expanding our knowledge. Question this, by asking whether deductive inference ( even ) transmits knowledge . Describe and explain example(s) that are supposed to show that deductive inference does not (even) transmit knowledge. What do you think about such examples? Can you think of a response on behalf of someone who thinks deductive inference does/ should transmit knowledge?  How serious a problem would it be if knowledge were not (in general) transmitted by deductive inference? Second Essay Questions II 5. Discuss some Gettier-style counterexample(s) against the justified true belief (JTB) theory of knowledge.
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lecture_18_2x2 - Announcements and Such One Song...

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