Chapter 2

Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Theoretical Perspectives in Motor...

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Chapter 2: Theoretical Perspectives in Motor Development Theories help make sense of seemingly miraculous developmental processes in humans by providing a systemic way of looking at and explaining developmental change. Maturational Perspective - Maturationists believe that genetics and heredity are primarily responsible for motor development and that the environment has little effect. - Environment may speed/slow the process of change, but can’t change one’s biologically determined course (it is already programmed into one’s genes). - Used twins as examples. People interpreted the maturationist perspective to mean that motor skills will automatically emerge, regardless of differing environments. This has influenced many teaching, parenting, and research concepts during the 20 th and into the 21 st centuries (physical educators saying some don’t need to take phys ed because motor skills will inevitably develop) Periods of Change of Perspectives Normative Descriptive Period Education became concerned with standardized tests and norms. E.g. a 17 year old male
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Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Theoretical Perspectives in Motor...

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