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The New Social Studies of Childhood“Child-focused” and “child-centered” studyClaimed that children’s lives were as worthy of study as any other section of societyIt requires the use of children as primary informantsIt focuses on their agency and their lived experiences of childhoodIn this new social studies of childhood, adolescence and childhood are recognized as social constructions rather than biological facts. The UNCRC (United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child):“An international convention, adopted almost around the world, that defines the rights of anychild, anywhere, regardless of race, culture, or creed” (James and James 129).Earlier Welfare- or Protection-Based Approaches to ChildrenGeneva 1924: League of Nations drafted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child (GDRC)5 principles1959: General Assembly of the United Nations drafted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child (UNDRC)10 principlesPaternalistic and protectionist in orientationThe United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC)Ratified in 1989The most widely signed rights treaty in the history of international law:Somalia and the USA did NOT ratify itMade up of 54 articles that aim to protect and promote children’s rights. Based on the premise that children need special protection because of their age and emotional development.It emphasizes that children’s rights spring from the fact of their basic humanity. Children’s rights, after all, are human rights. The Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child (1924)1.The child must be given the means requisite for its normal development, both materially and spiritually;2.