01.09.17-01.16.17 - Lecture - The New Social Studies of Childhood

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The New Social Studies of Childhood “Child-focused” and “child-centered” study Claimed that children’s lives were as worthy of study as any other section of society It requires the use of children as primary informants It focuses on their agency and their lived experiences of childhood In this new social studies of childhood, adolescence and childhood are recognized as social constructions rather than biological facts. The UNCRC (United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child): “An international convention, adopted almost around the world, that defines the rights of any child, anywhere , regardless of race, culture, or creed” (James and James 129). Earlier Welfare- or Protection-Based Approaches to Children Geneva 1924 : League of Nations drafted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child (GDRC) 5 principles 1959 : General Assembly of the United Nations drafted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child (UNDRC) 10 principles Paternalistic and protectionist in orientation The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) Ratified in 1989 The most widely signed rights treaty in the history of international law: Somalia and the USA did NOT ratify it Made up of 54 articles that aim to protect and promote children’s rights. Based on the premise that children need special protection because of their age and emotional development. It emphasizes that children’s rights spring from the fact of their basic humanity. Children’s rights, after all, are human rights. The Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child (1924) 1. The child must be given the means requisite for its normal development, both materially and spiritually; 2.

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