11.07.16 - Lecture - Childhood~A Developmental Approach -...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 5 pages.

Childhood: A Developmental Approach The Emergence of Child Development Some Key Development Thinkers Itard Darwin Gesell Bowlby Piaget Childhood Development in Context Questions to Consider: What are some of the historical approaches to childhood? What does it mean to take a developmental approach to childhood? How are these approaches fundamentally different? Developmental Approaches to Childhood Supposedly based on “scientific knowledge” Focus on different stages of childhood and adolescence; milestone approach Interested in the differences between “normal” and “abnormal” Western focus on age-- “How old are you?”—as a developmental focus Assumptions Behind Developmentalism Many of these “scientific facts” are culturally relative Developmentalists value children who are in the process of becoming adults rather than active agents in their own right “Development” is not a neutral term [it assumes the basic difference between “normal” and “abnormal”] D. R. Shaffer on Developmental Psychology: “Developmental psychology is a truly objective science… Today a developmentalist determines the adequacy of a theory by deriving hypotheses and conducting research to see whether the theory can predict and explain the new observations that he or she has made. There is no room for subjective bias

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture