Final Review SAHAL

Final Review SAHAL - Social Contract Theory(Hobbes Rousseau...

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Social Contract Theory (Hobbes Rousseau Locke) [Mutual Promising?] Essence – Give up some freedom in exchange for protection against death (Hobbes), account for why people should obey sovereign and they can still be free (Rousseau) If you have freedom of choice, why should you obey sovereign? Involves coercion? No, each person chooses to be a part of the social contract. For Hobbes, the type of government does not matter as long as it upholds its duty to protect individuals from State of War. Self-interested people would consent to this government (consent by inference*). Mechanism to explain how a majority consents. For Locke, the most important thing is the enlargement/preservation of freedom, from individuals and from the gov’t (limited sovereignty). As long as gov’t preserves and protects freedom, it is legitimate . Expressed v. tacit consent – Propertyless workers consent to government tacitly , so does everyone by owning property or even walking through the land. Difference is that tacit consent
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