2 Baroque Music

2 Baroque Music - 1 Baroque Music"Twisted...

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1. Baroque Music “Twisted Pearl” (1600-1750) (1600-1640) Early - homophonic texture over polyphonic texture typical of Renaissance music (1640-1680) Middle - importance of instrumental music, violin most popular (1680-1750) Late - most of music heard today. Harmony- emphasis on attraction of dominant cord to the tonic- arose in this period. Instrumental music became as important as vocal music for the first time. Early baroque composers had emphasized homophonic texture; late baroque composers gloried in polyphony. Characteristics of Baroque Music: Unity of Mood - one basic mood: what begins joyfully will remain joyful throughout - affections : emotional states like joy, grief, agitation Rhythm - continuity of rhythm - beginning rhythmic patterns are repeated throughout it - compelling drive and energy-forward motion is rarely interrupted Melody (Tune) - feeling of continuity - opening melody will be heard again and again in the course - gives an impression of dynamic expansion rather than of balance or symmetry - short opening phrase is often followed by a longer phrase with an unbroken flow of rapid notes Dynamics (volume) - paralleling continuity of rhythm and melody in baroque music is continuity of dynamic level: the volume tends to stay constant for a stretch of time. - Terraced dynamics : alternation between loud and soft - Gradual changes through crescendo and decrescendo, though occasionally used, are not prominent features of baroque music. - Main keyboard instruments of the baroque period were the organ and harpsihord, both well suited for continuity of dynamic level - Clavicord : could make gradual dynamic changes, but only within a narrow range- from about ppp to mp . Baroque Orchestra - Small, 10-40 players -flexible instrumental makeup trumpeter was aristocrat of the baroque orchestra
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-tone color was distinctly subordinate to other musical elements- melody, rhythm, harmony instruments were treated the same. An oboe would play the same melody as the violins, flute and trumpet would imitate each other for extended sections 2. Music in Baroque Society - Before 1800, music was written to meet specific demands that came from church and aristocrat courts - demand was for new music; audiences did don’t want old-fashioned style main source of diversion in the courts of aristocracy -size of the musical staff depending on the court’s wealth -music director- supervised performances and composed much of the music required operas, church music, dinner music, pieces for court concerts, discipline of other musicians, upkeep of the instruments and music library. Pay and prestige were high,
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2 Baroque Music - 1 Baroque Music"Twisted...

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