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3 The Classical Style

3 The Classical Style - The Classical Style(1750-1820...

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The Classical Style (1750-1820) Claasical referring to Roman/Greek antiquity or any supreme accomplishment. Characteristics of the Classical Style Contrast of Mood ~Fluctuations in mood ~Contrasting themes within a movement, also contrasts within themes ~May have changed gradually or suddenly Rhythm ~Many rhythmic patterns, with a few patterns repeated throughout the compositions ~Also has unexpected pauses, syncopations, frequent changes from long notes to shorter notes Texture ~Mostly homophonic texture ~Pieces though may move suddenly from one texture to another ~Ex. Could start in homophonic texture and shift into polyphonic ~Treated with flexibility Melody ~Very catchy and easy to remember ~May have a folk or popular sound ~Sometimes composer borrowed popular tunes of the day ~Many times sound balanced and symmetrical because they are made of two phrases of the same length Dynamics and the Piano ~Used crescendo and decrescendo ~Piano replaced harpsichord near 1775 ~Varying finger pressure could create a louder or softer sound ~Some of Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven most sophisticated works were written for piano instead of a harpsichord, organ, or clavichord Classical Orchestra ~New orchestra with standard four sections (strings, woodwinds, brass, and percussion) Strings : 1 st violins, 2d violins, violas, cellos, double basses Woodwinds : 2flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons Brass : 2 French horns, 2 trumpets Percussion : 2 timpani ~Use individual tone colors of each instrument ~Had a greater number of musicians than a baroque group ~Each section had a special role
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~Strings, main melody and accompaniment ~Woodwinds, added contrasting tone colors and had solos ~Horns, added power to loud sections and filled harmonies
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3 The Classical Style - The Classical Style(1750-1820...

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