Communications 1A03 Review

Communications 1A03 Review - Communications 1A03 Review...

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Unformatted text preview: Communications 1A03 Review Chapter One Types of Communication Intrapersonal: Communicating with oneself; You can turn in to one way that each of us communicates internally by listening to the voice in our minds Dyadic/Interpersonal: Between two people; most common setting for communication; not all two-person interaction can be considered interpersonal Small-Group: Every person can participate actively with other members; Common in everyday life Public: When a group becomes too large for all members to contribute; unequal amount of speaking; limited verbal feedback Mass: Consists of messages that are transmitted to large, widespread audiences through electronic and print media Functions of Communication Physical Needs: Evidence suggests that an absence of satisfying communication can jeopardize our lives Identity Needs: The only way we learn who we are; our sense of identity comes from the way we interact with other people Social Needs: Provides a vital link with others; We satisfy the need for pleasure, affection, inclusion, escape, relaxation and control Practical Needs: Important key to effectiveness in a variety of everyday settings Modelling Communication Linear Model: Communication is like giving an injection; a sender encodes ideas and feelings into some sort of message and then conveys them to a receiver who decodes them o Message which message is conveyed (channel) o Noise (Any forces that interfere with effective communication; external (factors that made it difficult to hear), physiological (biological factors in the receiver like illness and fatigue) and psychological (Interfere with the ability to express or understand a message). Transactional Model: o Simultaneous Sending and Receiving: We usually send and receive messages at the same time o Communication is Fluid, Not Static: Its difficult to isolate a single discrete act of communication o Communication is Relational, Not Individual: Communication isnt something we do to others but something we do with others Communication Competence Communication Can Be Learned The Concept of Meaning Chapter Two Common Perceptual Tendencies More Severe on Others than Ourselves: When others suffer, we often blame the problem on their personal qualities; when we suffer, we find explanations outside ourselves. Influenced by What is Most Obvious: We pay attention to stimuli that are intense, repetitious or contrastive; Motives help determine what info we select from our environment Clinging to First Impressions: If the impressions are accurate, they can be useful in deciding how best to response to the person in the future...
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Communications 1A03 Review - Communications 1A03 Review...

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