Dacia Woessner NURS 6521 week 6 assignmet - Running Head Diabetes and Drug Treatments Dacia Woessner NURS 6521 Advanced Pharmacology Week 6 Assignment

Dacia Woessner NURS 6521 week 6 assignmet - Running Head...

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Running Head: Diabetes and Drug Treatments 1 Dacia Woessner NURS 6521 Advanced Pharmacology Week 6 Assignment Walden University April 5, 2016
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Diabetes and Drug Treatments 2 Introduction Diabetes is a term that is used to represent a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders that is characterized by an abnormally high glucose level called hyperglycemia (Arcangelo & Peterson, 2013). Hyperglycemia is a result of insulin deficiency or the cellular resistance to what insulin does in the body. According to Arcangelo & Peterson, there are four major classifications of diabetes. However, for this paper, three types will be discussed, type 1, type 2 and gestational. There will be an emphasis on type 2 diabetes. Pathophysiology Type 1 diabetes used to be considered juvenile diabetes. However, now it is referred to as type 1 because the disease can occur at any age. With type 1 type pancreatic beta cells are damaged and this causes an absence of insulin. They type of diabetes can be distinguished by the presence of absence of islets with type 1 all, or a subset of inlets lack all insulin secreting beta cells and are usually in a lobular form (Babu & Eisenbarth, 2012). With the islets infiltrated, the insulin reserve steadily decreases until it can no longer maintain a normal blood glucose level. Type 2 diabetes is more about the resistance to insulin unlike type 1 there is a compromised insulin secretion, which causes an increase in glucose production. Type 2 diabetes is considered a heterogeneous disorder and is multifactorial because it affects many body systems. There is a reduced sensitivity to insulin in the liver, muscle and adipose tissue as well as
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