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Study_Questions_Cells - cells in bioreactors 12 Do...

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Cell Study questions 1. What are the differences between cell and virus? 2. What are the structural similarities and differences between prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells? 3. What are the structural differences between gram positive and gram negative bacteria? 4. Where is the genome located in prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells, respectively? 5. Where do transcription and translation occur in prokaryotic cells, respectively? 6. Where do transcription and translation occur in eukaryotic cells, respectively? 7. Differences in cell division between prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells? 8. Are the below cells haploid or diploid? (a) bacteria, (b) human liver cell, (c) yeast, (d) human egg. 9. What is cell culture? What is fermentation/cultivation? What are the purposes of conducting cell cultivation? Name a few cells that can be cultivated. 10. What is tissue culture? 11. What are the technical differences between growing microbial cells and animal
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Unformatted text preview: cells in bioreactors? 12. Do prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells have a cell wall? What are the major component of the cell wall for prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells? 13. Name the major protein synthesis machinery shared by prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells. 14. In the lab, bacterial cells can be streaked on agar plates. Single colonies usually appear after incubation at 37 ° C for overnight. Assume the nutrient is always available for all the cells in each single colony so that the cell population increases exponentially. Estimate the cell population in a single colony based on the following information: 30 min for cell’s doubling time, 12 h of incubation time. 15. Name the virus that will infect bacteria. 16. What is the genetic material within virus particles? 17. What is retrovirus? Examples? 18. What are the possible pathways when bacteria get infected by bacteriophage λ ?...
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