Biomolecule_1

Biomolecule_1 - fatty acid synthesis 16:1 9 Palmitoleic...

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Biomolecules 1 Biomolecules
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Biomolecules 2 Chemical Bonds in Biomolecules • Covalent Bond • Hydrogen Bond • Ionic Bond • Van der Waals Bond • Hydrophobic Interaction
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Biomolecules 3 Chemical functional groups • Hydroxyl • Carbonyl • Carboxyl •A m i n o • Phosphate • Sulfhydryl
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Biomolecules 4 Non-stereoisomers
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Biomolecules 5 Stereoisomers
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Biomolecules 6 Monosaccharides
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Biomolecules 7
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Biomolecules 8
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Biomolecules 9
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Biomolecules 10 Disaccharides
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Biomolecules 11 glucose- α (1 2) β -fructose
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Biomolecules 12 Polysaccharides Amylose
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Biomolecules 13 Cellulose
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Biomolecules 14 Fatty acids
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Biomolecules 15 Numerical Symbol Common Name Structure Comments 14:0 Myristic acid CH 3 (CH 2 ) 12 COOH Often found attached to the N-term of plasma membrane-associated cytoplasmic proteins 16:0 Palmitic acid CH 3 (CH 2 ) 14 COOH End product of mammalian
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Unformatted text preview: fatty acid synthesis 16:1 9 Palmitoleic acid CH 3 (CH 2 ) 5 C=C(CH 2 ) 7 COOH 18:0 Stearic acid CH 3 (CH 2 ) 16 COOH 18:1 9 Oleic acid CH 3 (CH 2 ) 7 C=C(CH 2 ) 7 COOH 18:2 9,12 Linoleic acid CH 3 (CH 2 ) 4 C=CCH 2 C=C(CH 2 ) 7 COOH Essential fatty acid 18:3 9,12,15 Linolenic acid CH 3 CH 2 C=CCH 2 C=CCH 2 C=C(CH 2 ) 7 COOH Essential fatty acid 20:4 5,8,11,14 Arachidonic acid CH 3 (CH 2 ) 3 (CH 2 C=C) 4 (CH 2 ) 3 COOH Precursor for eicosanoid synthesis Biomolecules 16 Triacylglycerols Biomolecules 17 (Glycero)phospholipids Biomolecules 18 Triacylglycerols vs. Glycerophospholipids Biomolecules 19 Assembly of polar lipids into bilayer sheets...
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This note was uploaded on 08/05/2008 for the course CHE 161 taught by Professor Chou during the Spring '08 term at Waterloo.

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Biomolecule_1 - fatty acid synthesis 16:1 9 Palmitoleic...

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