Study_Questions_Metabolism - chemicals and energy for the...

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Metabolism 1. Define: metabolism, metabolite, metabolic pathway, metabolic network catabolism, anabolism. 2. What is central metabolic pathway (CMP)? 3. What is the major role of ATP, NADH, NADPH, FADH 2 in metabolism? How ATP can be used as an energy source for biosynthesis? 4. Make sure that you memorize all the details for glycolysis. 5. Which compartment does glycolysis occur in prokaryotic or eukaryotic cell? 6. Which compartment does TCA cycle occur in prokaryotic or eukaryotic cell? Which one of them is more efficient in generating energy, why? 7. What is the possible major product of the anaerobic pathway in muscle or yeast? 8. Which one of the aerobic and anaerobic respiration is more effective in terms of energy generation? 9. What is the TCA cycle? What are the overall input and output (in terms of
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Unformatted text preview: chemicals and energy) for the pathway? 10. What is electron transport system (ETS)? Where is it located in prokaryotic or eukaryotic cell? 11. What is P/O ratio for NADH, FADH 2 , or GTP? 12. How many moles of ATP will be generated through complete oxidization of a mole of glucose in a eukaryotic cell via aerobic respiration? How to calculate this number? Why this number becomes lower for prokaryotic cells? 13. What are the major metabolic functions of using glucose as a carbon source to cultivate cells? 14. Make sure that you know the major frame (i.e. various pathways for biosynthesis and biodegradation of amino acids, various sugars, fatty acids, nucleotides, etc.) of metabolic network....
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