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McMaster PSYCH 3BA3 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE
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Introduction to Positive Psychology Criteria of positive abnormality Positive psychology is about how to live well and how to optimize our life experiences It’s about how to have or experience feelings, thoughts, and beliefs that are conducive to personal satisfaction, personal growth and our relationship to others Definitions of positive psychology: Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi (2000) The capacity for love and vocation (also seen in Freud) Aristotle & the Good Life People have been talking about the good life for at least ~2500 years Aristotle said that the good life is the life that makes you happy Fully functioning individual (Rogers) Aristotle beat him by 2500 years in introducing this topic Freud talked about controlling one’s instinct for appetites (sex and aggression) with the rational faculties of the ego moral virtue Golden Mean: nothing too much, nothing too little, something in the middle Freud Had the first modern theory about personality Based his theory on hedonism = the seeking of pleasure About your relationships with others, your ability to form and establish meaningful relationships with others and your ability to contribute to society, to be a productive member of your group, social class etc. Jung Was very self focused Talked about self- actualization being the highest form of realization of one’s life Self-actualization: the full integration into one unified whole of all these various pieces of our personality in the personal conscious Symbol of unification and self was the mandala Maslow Humanist view find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com
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Agreed that self-actualization is the highest motivation of humans Is where positive psychology began Fromm A humanist individual Biophilia: love for humanity and nature Frankl To choose how one sees the way of life William Bennet and Virtues (1995) The ideas pertaining to positive psychology are at least ~3000 years old However the actual theory of positive psychology was formed in the 90s Seligman Is the godfather of positive psychology He discovered while working with dogs that when they experienced negative, unescapable events, or unavoidable events, in this case shock for a period of time…then when they were in a situation whe re they could escape/avoid shock, they didn’t learn the response that could do that They learned instead to eventually become helpless, that they have no control over the events around them Created a theory about depression using the learned helplessness notion as a basis VA: Veteran's Association NIMH: National Institution of Mental Health TANG prize goes to an individual that has made significant contributions in the field Publishes 2 kinds of papers Philosophical thought papers Empirical (research) studies
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