Seyhan ÖZKUL 14.12.15PSY-201/ASUICIDE AND PROBLEM SOLVING ABILITY IN ELDERLYThe numbers of the people who committed suicide and succeed are increasing with the age. According to the findings of TurkishStatistical Institute (TSI) the number of suicides in 2013 was 3.189. The number of the people who committed suicide whose ageranged between 50 and 70 was 622. When I consider the rest of the numbers, it seems that the number of older suicide attempters ishuge. That makes me think that why all these people committed suicide? What kind of causes can lead people to commit suicide?Then I searched about the causes of suicide in elder people. I found that depression is one of the important causes of suicide in elderpeople. After that another question came up. What causes depression? All of this questions lead me to a specific cause that thedecreasing in problem-solving ability. In this paper I am going to talk about my study which aims to investigate the relationshipbetween fluid intelligence and suicide in elderly. To be able to do that I did a literature review and found some articles which wasabout my key concepts: fluid intelligence, depression, and suicide. My research question is that is there a relationship between suicideideation and fluid intelligence or not and if there is what is the direction and intensity of it? As an answer to this question, a built ahypothesis. My hypothesis is that there is a strong negative correlation between the suicide ideation and fluid intelligence. To answer the research question and support my hypothesis I proposed an experimental design study and shared the details of it inthis paper. LITERATURE REVİEW Suicide and Depression among ElderlyBarnow and Linden(2000) conducted a study to investigate epidemiology of suicide ideation and wish to be dead among elderlypeople over 70 years old. The results showed that major depression was the most important predictor factor for being suicidal amongelderly. Statistically, the subjects who were diagnosed with major depression had 40 times higher risk for wishing to die and attemptsuicide than the persons without major depression. Depression and Aging The oldest-old is at the higher risk of depression when the risk factors of depression are considered. (Stek et al., 2006). Thequestion is that what are the causes of increase in depressive symptoms with age? To test that whether the depressive symptoms weredriven by disablement related processes, aging processes or mortality related processes, Fauth, Ram, Gerstorf and Malmberg1
conducted a study. The findings of the study suggested that changes in depressive symptoms in late-life were driven by disablementand mortality processes rather than the increase in the chronological age. The results of this study gives the opportunity to eliminatethe effect of chronological age while considering effects of depression in late-life.