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Unformatted text preview: DOI: 10.1126/science.1085046 , 929 (2003); 301 Science et al. T. P. Hughes, of Coral Reefs Climate Change, Human Impacts, and the Resilience www.sciencemag.org (this information is current as of January 27, 2008 ): The following resources related to this article are available online at http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/301/5635/929 version of this article at: including high-resolution figures, can be found in the online Updated information and services, found at: can be related to this article A list of selected additional articles on the Science Web sites http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/301/5635/929#related-content http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/301/5635/929#otherarticles , 13 of which can be accessed for free: cites 35 articles This article 248 article(s) on the ISI Web of Science. cited by This article has been http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/301/5635/929#otherarticles 18 articles hosted by HighWire Press; see: cited by This article has been http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/collection/ecology Ecology : subject collections This article appears in the following http://www.sciencemag.org/about/permissions.dtl in whole or in part can be found at: this article permission to reproduce of this article or about obtaining reprints Information about obtaining registered trademark of AAAS. is a Science 2003 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science; all rights reserved. The title Copyright American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1200 New York Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20005. (print ISSN 0036-8075; online ISSN 1095-9203) is published weekly, except the last week in December, by the Science on January 27, 2008 www.sciencemag.org Downloaded from Climate Change, Human Impacts, and the Resilience of Coral Reefs T. P. Hughes, 1 * A. H. Baird, 1 D. R. Bellwood, 1 M. Card, 2 S. R. Connolly, 1 C. Folke, 3 R. Grosberg, 4 O. Hoegh-Guldberg, 5 J. B. C. Jackson, 6,7 J. Kleypas, 8 J. M. Lough, 9 P. Marshall, 10 M. Nystro ¨m, 3 S. R. Palumbi, 11 J. M. Pandolfi, 12 B. Rosen, 13 J. Roughgarden 14 The diversity, frequency, and scale of human impacts on coral reefs are increasing to the extent that reefs are threatened globally. Projected increases in carbon dioxide and temperature over the next 50 years exceed the conditions under which coral reefs have ﬂourished over the past half-million years. However, reefs will change rather than disappear entirely, with some species already showing far greater tolerance to climate change and coral bleaching than others. International integration of management strategies that support reef resilience need to be vigorously implemented, and comple- mented by strong policy decisions to reduce the rate of global warming....
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- Spring '08
- Climate Change, T. P. Hughes