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Ghost__Metaphysics__Buddha

Ghost__Metaphysics__Buddha - Ghost Metaphysics Buddha...

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Ghost , Metaphysics, Buddha
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Metaphysics Philosophical exploration of reality Ultimate nature of being and world Includes ontology—study of reality, perception and the nature of being Perception studies
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Mind/Matter Does the world exist outside of the mind? Idealism Objects exist only as perceptions Mind/Body duality Location of the soul
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Cartesian Dualism Mind/Body problem Separate entities Rene Descartes “I think, therefore I am” Not a case of “God the Watchmaker” Ghost in the Machine Gilbert Ryle 1949 Dualism false Mind is built up from primitive minds; memories, etc. No mind/body duality exists —it is a logical fallacy
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Identity Identity and change Heraclitus vs. Parmenides Tree and leaf example Memory
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Determinism/Free Will Determinism—Every event in the future is pre- determined by the events of the past No miraculous events Free will—rational beings exert influence over
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