ESM 297 Week 5

ESM 297 Week 5 - ESM 297 Renewable Energy Law and Policy...

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Unformatted text preview: ESM 297 Renewable Energy Law and Policy Week 5: Vehicle fuel efficiency policy Tam Hunt Energy Program Director/Attorney Community Environmental Council The National CAF standards Created in 1975 by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act CAF standard currently set at 27.5 for cars and 20.7 for trucks and SUVs Actual CAF (as opposed to the CAF standard) is 25.4, according to NHTSA Can earn CAF credits for FFVs Regardless of whether the vehicles run on ethanol or gasoline! Manufacturers must meet the standard separately for domestic and international sales The NAS report Finding 1: that CAF standards save about 14% of gasoline consumption currently (2.8 million barrels per day) Finding 2: CAF standards contributed to an additional 1,300 to 2,600 deaths in 1993 from collisions A dissent by two of the panelists states that there may be no attribution to CAF for this increase and this area should be studied more The NAS report Finding 3: Distinction between cars/trucks/SUVs has been blurred heavily Also, allowing manufacturers credit for FFVs had had, if anything, a negative effect on fuel economy, greenhouse gases Finding 4: From 1975 to 1984, vehicle improvements were used to achieve higher gas mileage Fuel efficiency improved by 62% with no performance loss from 1985 on, impovements were used to provide more power Vehicles became 20% heavier but 0-60 mph acceleration improved 25% The NAS report Finding 5: There is significant potential for vehicle efficiency improvements over the next 15 years Finding 8: they calculate $0.30/gallon of externalities related to GHGs and oil market effects Finding 10: other policy tools could achieve...
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ESM 297 Week 5 - ESM 297 Renewable Energy Law and Policy...

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