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ESM 297 Week 5

ESM 297 Week 5 - ESM 297 Renewable Energy Law and Policy...

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    ESM 297 Renewable Energy Law and Policy Week 5: Vehicle fuel efficiency policy Tam Hunt Energy Program Director/Attorney Community Environmental Council
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    The National CAF É  standards • Created in 1975 by the Energy Policy and  Conservation Act • CAF É  standard currently set at 27.5 for cars  and 20.7 for trucks and SUVs – Actual CAF É  (as opposed to the CAF É  standard) is  25.4, according to NHTSA • Can earn CAF É  credits for FFVs  – Regardless of whether the vehicles run on ethanol  or gasoline! • Manufacturers must meet the standard  separately for domestic and international sales
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    The NAS report • Finding 1: that CAF É  standards save  about 14% of gasoline consumption  currently (2.8 million barrels per day) • Finding 2: CAF É  standards contributed  to an additional 1,300 to 2,600 deaths in  1993 from collisions – A dissent by two of the panelists states that  there may be no attribution to CAF É  for  this increase and this area should be studied  more
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    The NAS report • Finding 3: Distinction between  cars/trucks/SUVs has been blurred heavily – Also, allowing manufacturers credit for FFVs had  had, if anything, a negative effect on fuel economy,  greenhouse gases • Finding 4:  – From 1975 to 1984, vehicle improvements were  used to achieve higher gas mileage • Fuel efficiency improved by 62% with no performance  loss – from 1985 on, impovements were used to provide  more power • Vehicles became 20% heavier but 0-60 mph acceleration  improved 25%
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    The NAS report • Finding 5: There is significant potential for  vehicle efficiency improvements over the next  15 years • Finding 8: they calculate $0.30/gallon of  externalities related to GHGs and oil market  effects
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