1-IE-14-Jan-08-web

1-IE-14-Jan-08-web - Industrial Ecology Winter 2008 Session...

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Unformatted text preview: Industrial Ecology Winter 2008 Session 1 January 14 Industrial Ecology Industrial Ecology Industrial Ecology Winter 2008 Session 1 January 14 A bit of history: A bit of history: In 1865 Karl Marx is the first to apply the term Metabolism to human society and labour In 1989, Robert Ayres developed concept of Industrial Metabolism : Industry metabolizes materials and energy and transforms them into useful products, wastes and emissions In 1989, Robert Frosch and Nicholas Gallopoulos developed the concept of Industrial Ecosystems : The notion creates an analogy between biological and industrial food webs. In an industrial ecosystem , waste product by one company should be used as a resource for another. In 1991, the National Academy of Science hosts Symposium on Industrial Ecology In 1994, the National Academy of Engineering publishes The Greening of Industrial Ecosystems (Eds. Braden Allenby & Deanna Richards) 1997, publication of the first issue of the International Journal of Industrial Ecology 2001, foundation of the International Society of Industrial Ecology (http://www.is4ie.org) Both Metaphors were also independently developed and used in other countries, like Switzerland (Baccini & Brunner, 1991), in Belgium (Billen et al., 1983) and in Japan (Watanabe, 1973) Industrial Ecology Winter 2008 Session 1 January 14 Definition of Industrial Ecology Definition of Industrial Ecology There is currently no single definition There is currently no single definition that is generally accepted, even though all contain similar attributes with different emphases. One that I quite like is the following: The study of the flows of materials and energy in industrial and consumer activities, of the effects of these flows on the environment, and of the influences of economic, political, regulatory, and social factors on the flow, use and transformation of resources (Robert White, 1994, in the preface of The Greening of Industrial Ecosystems ) Whats ecological about IE? Whats ecological about IE? It looks to natural ecosystems as models for industrial activity (e.g. nutrient cycling) It places human / industrial activity in the context of the larger ecosystem that support it (environmental impact of human activities, carrying capacity, ecological resilience) Industrial Ecology Winter 2008 Session 1 January 14 Ecosphere Ecosphere Anthroposphere Anthroposphere Source of: Materials Energy Water Land Sink for: Wastes & Emissions Needs & Wants Solar Radiation (T eff ~ 6000K mainly UV, optical and IR) Earths Radiation (T eff ~ 300K mainly IR) Services Products Production Industrial production and consumption systems use the environment as source of resources and sink for wastes and emissions The BIG picture: The BIG picture: Industrial Ecology Winter 2008 Session 1 January 14...
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This note was uploaded on 08/06/2008 for the course ESM 282 taught by Professor Geyer during the Spring '08 term at UCSB.

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1-IE-14-Jan-08-web - Industrial Ecology Winter 2008 Session...

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