Nathan-2007

Nathan-2007 - Environmental Impacts of Just-in-Time:...

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Independent Study Last edited: 13 April 2007 1 Environmental Impacts of Just-in-Time: Effects of Altered Supplier Transportation By Sarah Nathan Table of Contents: Introduction. .................................................................................................................... 2 History and Development of Just-in-Time. ....................................................................... 2 Background and Implementation of Just-in-Time . ........................................................... 4 Overall Environmental Impacts of Just-in-Time . .............................................................. 5 Literature Review. ........................................................................................................... 6 Gap Analysis. ................................................................................................................ 10 Methodology . ................................................................................................................ 11 Results. ......................................................................................................................... 14 Discussion . ................................................................................................................... 20 Appendix A . .................................................................................................................. 22 Appendix B . .................................................................................................................. 24 Bibliography. ................................................................................................................. 29
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Independent Study Last edited: 13 April 2007 2 Introduction Just-in-time (JIT) is a manufacturing and inventory management technique, initially developed by the Toyota Motor Corporation, which has been widely adopted around the world. It is often considered to be synonymous with lean production, and has been hailed for its efficiency, customer service, and cost savings. This paper seeks to inventory and analyze the environmental effects of switching from traditional management to JIT. After outlining the many environmental impacts, it further seeks to address the impacts from supplier transportation, which have not been extensively addressed by previous researchers. History and Development of Just-in-Time In August of 2003, Toyota sold more cars in North America than Chrysler, taking its place among the “Big 3” automakers. The next year, they overtook Ford. Industry experts predict that they may soon grow larger than GM as well, taking their place as the dominant world automaker (Forbes, 2006). In a survey performed by Fortune magazine in early 2007, they were voted the third most admired company in the United States, despite their international corporate headquarters; no other auto manufacturer was ranked in the top twenty. Hidden within these statistics are even more telling data – that their annual profit has for several years been larger
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This note was uploaded on 08/06/2008 for the course ESM 289 taught by Professor Geyer during the Spring '07 term at UCSB.

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Nathan-2007 - Environmental Impacts of Just-in-Time:...

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