16-IE-5March-08-web

16-IE-5March-08-web - Environmental Product Design Example:...

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Industrial Ecology – Winter 2008 – Session 16 – March 5 Environmental Product Design – Example: Access, Mobility, Vehicles Environmental Product Design – Example: Access, Mobility, Vehicles 13/18 60/51
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Industrial Ecology – Winter 2008 – Session 16 – March 5 Source: US Emission Inventory 2005, EPA US Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Sector (in million metric tons) 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 1990 1995 2000 Electric Power Industry Transportation Industry Agriculture Commercial Residential Example: Reducing the Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Motor Vehicles Example: Reducing the Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Motor Vehicles
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Industrial Ecology – Winter 2008 – Session 16 – March 5 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 1949 1959 1969 1979 1989 1999 Total Transportation Example: Reducing the Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Motor Vehicles Example: Reducing the Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Motor Vehicles US CO 2 emissions from transportation vs. total (in MMT) 27.6% 32.3% Source: http://www.eia.doe.gov/
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Industrial Ecology – Winter 2008 – Session 16 – March 5 Example: Reducing the Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Motor Vehicles Example: Reducing the Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Motor Vehicles
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Industrial Ecology – Winter 2008 – Session 16 – March 5 Example: Reducing the Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Motor Vehicles Example: Reducing the Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Motor Vehicles
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Industrial Ecology – Winter 2008 – Session 16 – March 5 Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends Source: US EPA (2003) Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends
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Industrial Ecology – Winter 2008 – Session 16 – March 5 European Union Goal: Average of 120 g CO 2 per km driven for passenger cars by 2010 1999/2000: Voluntary agreements with car manufacturers California - Assembly Bill 1493 Goal: Average of 127 g CO 2 eq per km driven for passenger cars by 2016 2002: AB 1493 passes Assembly and Senate 2004: AB 1493 is approved by Governor New York State 2005: Official proposal to adopt California’s regulation Canada 2005 Voluntary agreements with car manufacturers Agreements / regulations do not use a full life cycle perspective Agreements / regulations do not use a full life cycle perspective Pressure to reduce GHG emissions from vehicles is increasing: Pressure to reduce GHG emissions from vehicles is increasing:
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Industrial Ecology – Winter 2008 – Session 16 – March 5 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Materials production Vehicle manufacturing Vehicle use (incl. upstream fuel)
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16-IE-5March-08-web - Environmental Product Design Example:...

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