summer-Phil-20B-4

summer-Phil-20B-4 - Augustines Theodicies Theodicy 4: Evil...

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Theodicy 4: Evil is due to the sins of man (punishment th.). Problem: Why were we created so as to be able to sin? Augustine’s Theodicies Theodicy 5: Evil is due to man’s Free Will. MAIMONIDES (1135-204): Having a certain physical nature makes possible certain goods, but also, thereby, exposes that being to dangers and suffering.
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The Free Will theodicy (theodicy 5) (3) A world with moral agents, who do more good than evil, is a better world than a world with no evil, but also no moral agents. (1) God desired to create a world containing moral goods and free will is necessary for such goods. (2) Creating creatures with free will implies the possibility of them mis-using it.
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Libertarian Free Will: S performed action A freely at t only if it was genuinely open to S to do otherwise than A at t. Incompatibilist Free Will: free action and determinism are incompatible (i.e. not compatible). Determinism
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summer-Phil-20B-4 - Augustines Theodicies Theodicy 4: Evil...

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