summer-Phil-20B-20

summer-Phil-20B-20 - Ideas Bodies Level 1 ( substance )...

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Options for the Dualist Occasionalism – The mental and the physical do not interact, God constantly acts to secure the requisite correlation. Malebranche Pre-established Harmony – The mental and the physical do not interact; God, from the beginning, set up the mental and physical to run together. Leibniz Epiphenomenalism – The physical has mental effects, but the mental does not bring about physical effects. Huxley
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Baruch de Spinoza (1632-77) - Dutch with Portuguese Jewish origin. - A humble lens grinder, turning down university positions - Excommunicated ( cherem ) for his positions on God. - One of the great Rationalists and Ethicists.
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Spinoza on the Mind/Body Problem Spinoza’s monism rejects Descartes’ account. - There are not two substances (Mind and Body). - There is only one substance – God/nature. And he is in everything ( pantheism ) - The mental and the physical are just two sides of the same coin: modes of picturing the same world!
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Substance Thought Extension
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Unformatted text preview: Ideas Bodies Level 1 ( substance ) Level 2 ( attribute ) Level 3 ( mode ) Nature God Soul Natural Kind Chair Brain Chair For Spinoza there is no interaction between mind/body Proposition 10 Each attribute of one substance must be conceived through itself. However, the mental and the physical correspond . They are two aspects of the same thing Nature. Proposition 7 (Part II) The order and connection of ideas is the same as the order and connection of things . Answer to Elizabeth Monism: only one substance Spinoza on the Nature of God those who confuse the divine nature with human nature easily ascribe to God human emotions, especially so long as they are ignorant of how the latter are produced in the mind. Neither intellect nor will pertain to the nature of God. that all things have been predetermined by God, not from his free will or absolute pleasure, but from the absolute nature of God, his infinite power....
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This note was uploaded on 08/06/2008 for the course PHIL 20B taught by Professor Tsompanidis during the Summer '08 term at UCSB.

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summer-Phil-20B-20 - Ideas Bodies Level 1 ( substance )...

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