summer-Phil-20B-10

summer-Phil-20B-10 - Homework for M& T • Aquinas comic...

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Unformatted text preview: Homework for M & T • Aquinas comic pp.62-66 • Aquinas: “Summa Theologica” pp.58-61 • Optional Averroes pp.52-56 Islam and Philosophy 800-1200 AD A Great civilization: Poetry Architecture Mathematics Astronomy Logic Philosophy Hellenistic heritage The Translations Greek to Syrian-Aramaic, then Arabic Plato, Plotinus & the complete Aristotle Political climate: new vs. old, toleration The deterioration of Greek language The invention of a new language The result: a new culture or a continuation of the Greek culture => blooming of science. Islamic Philosophy Two main issues 1. Religion and Philosophy 2. Metaphysics & Ontology a) Do they contradict? b) Is one stronger than the other? a) God’s properties b) The world’s properties Pioneers of Arabic Thought Abū Nasr Muhammad ibn al-Farakh al-Fārābi (872-950) Ya’qūb ibn Ishāq al-Kindī (801-873) - Aristotelian (with liberties)- Underlying harmony between philosophy & religion- ‘divine knowledge’ = knowledge of logic- Historical Philosophy...
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summer-Phil-20B-10 - Homework for M& T • Aquinas comic...

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