summer-Phil-20B-3

summer-Phil-20B-3 - A brief introduction to Logic If an...

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Unformatted text preview: A brief introduction to Logic If an argument is such that its conclusion cannot be false on the assumption that its premises are true, then the argument is said to be valid . An argument that is valid and has true premises is a sound argument. A strong inductive argument is invalid, but is such that the truth of the premises makes the conclusion likely. 1. If the San Antonio Spurs won the NBA last year, then a team from Texas won the NBA last year. 2. The San Antonio Spurs won the NBA last year. 3. Thus, a team from Texas won the NBA last year. Historical Philosophy 1. Argument Evaluation 1. Argument Reconstruction Metaphysics is concerned with the ultimate nature, constitution and structure of reality. Epistemology is the study of the nature of knowledge and justification. Value-theory is concerned with the nature of value and the kinds of things that have value. The Roman Empire Numerous cults vying for power- Cult of Isis: an amalgam of Greek/Egyptian Gods- Mithraic cult worshipped the sun- Manicheans believed in Evil and Good Spirits that were constantly in struggle.were constantly in struggle....
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This note was uploaded on 08/06/2008 for the course PHIL 20B taught by Professor Tsompanidis during the Summer '08 term at UCSB.

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summer-Phil-20B-3 - A brief introduction to Logic If an...

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