summer-Phil-20B-8

summer-Phil-20B-8 - An a priori claim is a claim that can...

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An a priori argument is an argument whose premises are all a priori statements. An a priori claim is a claim that can be justified independent of sense experience. “All bachelors are unmarried” An a posteriori claim is a claim that cannot be justified independent of sense experience. “All bachelors are lonely”
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In arguing via reductio ad absurdum , one attempts to show a claim to be false by deriving an absurdity (e.g. a contradiction) from the claim. Reductio ad absurdum argument: Assumption: (3 +7) is an odd number . 1. (3+7) is not an even number ( from assumption ) 2. 10 is not an even number ( from 1 ) 3. 10 is an even number (10/2=5) ( from properties of even numbers) 4. 10 both is and isn’t an even number (2,3) => Contradiction Conclusion: The assumption is false! (3+7) is not an odd number .
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What is the relationship between faith and reason (i.e. rational beliefs) ? The medieval moto: “fides quarens intellectum”, ie => Faith seeking understanding. Anselm wishes to provide a reason , or a warrant , for the existence of God. Faith : God exists. Reason : what is your evidence?
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The Being Than Which Nothing Greater Can Be Conceived (GCB) The Fool St. Anselm of Canterbury Dramatis Personae Anselm’s Ontological Argument
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I understand the meaning of the term ‘God’, but God does not exist. Anselm’s Ontological Argument
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This note was uploaded on 08/06/2008 for the course PHIL 20B taught by Professor Tsompanidis during the Summer '08 term at UCSB.

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summer-Phil-20B-8 - An a priori claim is a claim that can...

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