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maslow & herzberg's law - Maslows hierarchy of needs is an...

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Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is an inspirational approach in psychology which states thatwhat pushes people to work is the need to meet the basic needs and as one meets one basic needanother need develops which makes them to continue working so as to meet the need in higherpyramid. The Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory is also a psychology approach which concludes thatthere are certain factors in the workplace which helps to motivate the workers to continueworking hard and there are those factors which demotivate the workers thus lowering theirproductivity in the workplace. The two theories have one basic concept in that both tries to makepeople work either because they have needs to meet or there are some conditions which aremotivating them to work.Looking at the two theories, they have some similarity. For instance, in the two theories,there are factors or conditions which push or motivate people to work. The factors or conditionsare unlimited such that one cannot say that they are satisfied and they do not see the need tocontinue working. In Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, as one move from working to provide basicneeds, the needs keep on improving once one satisfies physiological level other need developand thus one need to continue working to satisfy the needs. On the looking at the Herzberg’s 2-Factor Theory, intrinsic motivators motivates the workers to continue working simply they areoffering what the worker needs.In both theories most of the conditions or needs which motivate people to work are lesstangible, tangible and more emotional. In Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, the levels of need movefrom Physiological, Safety, Belongingness, Esteem to Self-actualization. Looking at what entailsin this levels most of the needs there are some needs which are tangible such as food and water,less tangible needs such as air and sleep, and more emotional needs such as love, sex and self-esteem. On the other hand, Herzberg’s 2-Factor Theory offers tangible, less tangible and
emotional needs to motivate them to work. Some of these needs are, challenging work (lesstangible), relationships and recognition (emotional) and salary, security and fringe benefits which

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Term
Spring
Professor
Dr.Agnes Meroka

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