CHAPTER 3 (Answer Sheet)Correctional Ideologies: The Pendulum SwingsChapter 3 Multiple Choice Choose the best answer for each of the following.1. The central aim of executing a correctional ideology is toa. keep society safe from offenders.b. punish criminals for their crimes.c. deter individuals from committing crimes.d. discover a method of crime prevention. Answer: a, Page number: 442. Which of the following is not a primary correctional ideology? 3. The concept of “getting even” is known in corrections as 4. The belief that guilt must be washed away through the suffering of the offender was Heinrich Oppenheimer’s ____________ view of punishment. 5. Which of Oppenheimer’s views of punishment sought a sense of harmony and peace?a. aestheticb. expiatoryc. theologicald. utilitarianAnswer: a, Page number: 456. Not committing a murder because you know that your state doles out the death penalty for such a criminal act is an example of 1
7. The imposition of a life sentence is an example of 8. Returning to criminal behavior after being released from prison is known as9. Which of the following statements describes a problem that results from the implementation of selective incarceration?a. There is not enough room in the nation’s already overcrowded and understaffedprisons.b. Many individuals end up returning to committing crimes after being released.c. The highest-risk offenders are often released inadvertently.d. It is difficult to differentiate between who should remain incarcerated and who should not.Answer: dPage number: 46-4710. Punishment would probably work best for which of the following individuals?
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