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Unformatted text preview: Key Environmental Metrics Environmental Outcome Basic Metrics Energy — Energy used
—-— Renewable energy used or bought Water — TOtal water used
w Water pollution Air — Greenhouse gas emissions — ReleaSes of heavy metals and toxic
chemicals — Emissions of particulates, VOCS,
50x, and NOX Waste —-— Hazardous waste
' +~ Solid waste _ Recycled materials Compliance — Notices of Violations
«— Fines or penalties paid Identifying Environmental Risk
Sample Questions to Help Identify Environmental Risk Value Chain Phase Company —~ How big is our environmental footprint? Operations —— What resources are we most dependent on (energy,
water, materials), and how much do we use? —-— What emissions do we release into the air or water? ~— How do we dispose of waste?
—* How up-to-date is our environmental management system?
»—~ What are our chances of a spill, leak, or release of hazardous materials? _
—— Have others in our industry had problems? —— What local, state, federal, or international
regulations apply to our business? 'Are we in full
compliance? Are these requirements gettingtighter? ﬂ Upstream *— What resources are our suppliers most dependent
on? Are they abundant or constrained, now and in
the near future? —— Do our suppliers pollute? Do they meet all
applicable laws? Will legal requirements get tighter
for them? ' —-— What substances go into the products suppliers sell to us? Are they toxic? ﬂ Downstream F How much energy (or water or other resources)
does our product require customers to uSe?
—— Are there hazardous substanCes in our products? — What do customers do with our products when
they are done with them? What would happen if we were required to take the products back? / ...
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This note was uploaded on 08/06/2008 for the course ESM 296 taught by Professor Libecap during the Winter '07 term at UCSB.
- Winter '07