5.2 APUSH - Marisa Edmonds Period 6 Mr Kranz AP US History...

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Marisa EdmondsPeriod 6, Mr. KranzAP US HistoryNovember 29, 20165.2 Summative Part C:Missouri Compromise: Slavery was a huge problem for many years, it caused a rift between the north and the south. TheSenate however, was divided equally, so each side of the issue was represented equally, and prevented the passage of legislation that would cause unrest. The House of Representatives was not even, the free northern states had far higher numbers of voters than the southern states, at a “105 to 81” margin. When Missouri wanted to join the union as a slave state, the north was concerned with the unbalance that would be caused In the senate. So Henry Clay came up with a fix, if Maine joined the union as a free state, then Missouri could join as a slave state, and the senate would be balanced. In addition, as part of the compromise, slavery would be prohibited north of the36°30' parallel line. The compromise caused controversy in Congress. Even though the senate was balanced and the standard for any additional stateswas set, it took two years for the compromise to be agreed upon. Compared to the two months for the compromise of 1787, so slavery disagreements were intensifying. This marked the amount of segregation between the north and south. While the compromise was active, there was relative peace between the north and south, and many Americans believed that the compromise postponed the inevitable war. Others felt that more southern resentment was created, which brought on the war sooner.Nullification Crisis:The 1832 crisis was caused by the introduction of a series of protective tariffs, there were three protective tariffs, and each one raised taxes even higher. The south who had a strong economy based on cotton, was angry because the tax was damaging to their economy. British cotton buyers did not want to pay the tax to import cotton, and the southern cotton farmers did not want to lose buyers. So the south asked vice president John C. Calhoun to talk to the state legislatures, who were asked to prepare a report, called the South Carolina Exposition, saying that the tariffs were unconstitutional based on the principle of nullification. The doctrine of nullification states that states have the right to reject federal law. Which further prompted the fact that the tariff of abomination favored manufacturing over agriculture. The tariff of 1832 was created to avoid the conflict, it reduced tariff rates to 35%, instead of the 50% of the tariff of 1828. The tariff of 1832 was not enough for South Carolina, so the Ordinance of Nullification was adopted. Which declared both the tariff of 1828 and the tariff of 1832, unconstitutional. But it failed and resulted in the nullification crisis. Henry Clay created the compromiseof 1833 to try to resolve the issue but it later failed as well. This incident further irritated relations between the north and the south and almost resulted in military intervention.The military prepared for foreseeable federal enforcement by enacting the force bill, which authorized the president to use force

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