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1Research-Based Interventions on Stress Disorders, Anxiety Disorders, Conduct Disorders, andADHD PaperNora VargasPSYCH/650April 03, 2017Dr. Mark Clark
2Research-Based Interventions on Stress Disorders, Anxiety Disorders, Conduct Disorders, andADHD PaperIn the past generations, child development has evolved significantly. As some kids are dependent on their parents and teachers to instill in them good from bad behavior, some children struggle with such demands. Many parents would argue that ADHD is not a mental disorder. However, professionals prove the contrary. This difference in thoughts has created mixed feelings between parents and the clinicians diagnosing ADHD and the type of medication their children are being prescribed. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a mental health disorder that attacks an individual’s ability to focus and retain information thus affecting the child’s school performance and behavior or an adult’s performance as a whole. However, ADHD can be treated and outgrown. Many studies prove and suggest that with proper monitoring and administering of medications, patients may control and overcome the disorder. Characteristics of ADHDResearch supports that ADHD can be characterized in two separate categories; inattentionand hyperactivity (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, 1997-2017). Children with inattention symptoms typically show a lack of focus and get distracted easily. It may seem as though the child is not paying attention. The child may also need assistance keeping tasks and responsibilities organized as disorganization is also a primary symptom. Children with hyperactivity-impulsivity show inability to sit still and seem restless. A child may also show symptoms such as not waiting for his or her turn when playing a game and if things do not go their way they may hit other children out of frustration and irritation. Their hyperactivity and impulsivity hinder the relationship between the child and his or her parents as well as friends leading to social incompetence. For both categories, a witness might notice that the child is lagging progress and fails to follow instruction. As a result, children who struggle with ADHD
3have a lower intelligence, approximately 7 to 15 IQ points below average (Barkley, 1997; Butcher, Hooley, & Mineka, 2014, 2013, 2010, pp. 511-514). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is six to nine times more prevalent amongst boys than girls and is more likely to occur before the age of 8 (Butcher, Hooley, & Mineka, 2014, 2013, 2010, pp. 511-514).