Shelley WatsonAmerican History HIS 113Instructors NameWritten Assignment #1The European motives for expansion and colonization of the New World start with mercantilism, the search for wealth, competition with the Spanish and the French for land and power. Brinkley (2012) explained mercantilism as the idea that if the citizens of England purchased goods from other countries, the wealth would be going out of the country instead of remaining inside the country’s economy (p. 25). This idea drove the English to increase the population of the colonies because it would support their economic growth in England by giving the English merchants a larger market to trade with that was also still taxed by England. Expanding the colonies would also help economically by producing more jobs, more goods to trade with other countries, and goods that England would normally have to get from foreign sources. This would help the English empire gain strength as well as more land and territory. Spain saw an opportunity to use the New World to spread Catholicism to the native populations to save their souls. This idea served the Spanish well as they gained territory in Mexico and much of the southern part of the present-day United States.