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Unformatted text preview: Midterm 2, Math 20F  Lecture B (Spring 2007) 1. An n × n matrix A is called skewsymmetric if A T = A . Specifically the set of 2 × 2 skewsymmetric matrices is given by S 2 × 2 = a a : a ∈ R . Let T : L 2 × 2 → S 2 × 2 be the transformation from the 2 × 2 lower triangular matrices onto the 2 × 2 skewsymmetric matrices defined as T b a c = a a , where a , b , c are real numbers. a) (1 point) Show that S 2 × 2 is a onedimensional subspace of 2 × 2 matrices. Find a basis for this subspace. Solution: S 2 × 2 can be expressed as a span of a matrix, S 2 × 2 = a 1 1 : a ∈ R = span 1 1 . Therefore S 2 × 2 is a 1dimensional subspace of the space of 2 × 2 matrices with the basis 1 1 . b) (2 points) Show that T is a linear transformation. Solution: We need to verify the following two properties to show that T is linear. Additivity : T b 1 a 1 c 1 + T b 2 a 2 c 2 = T b 1 + b 2 a 1 + a 2 c 1 + c 2 a 1 a 1 + a 2 a 2 = ( a 1 + a 2 ) a 1 + a 2 and Multiplication with a scalar : T α b a c = αT b a c αa αa = α a a c) (2 points) Find a basis for the kernel of T . Solution: By definition Kernel(T) = b a c : T b a c = a a = 0 0 0 0 = b c : b, c ∈ R = b 1 0 0 0 + c 0 0 0 1 : b, c ∈ R = span 1 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 1 . Since the matrices 1 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 1 are not multiple of each other, they are linearly independent. Therefore the set 1 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 1 is a basis for the kernel of T . 2. (Each part is 1 point) Determine whether each of the following statements is true or false. For each part circle either T (true) or F (false). You do not need to justify your answers....
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 Spring '03
 BUSS
 Linear Algebra, Algebra, Matrices, LU factorization

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