Regional Profile … #11:
El Valle de los Caídos / The Valley of the Fallen
Research the monument known as the
Valley of the Fallen
(El Valle de los Caídos).
- What is it?
Catholic Basilica and a monumental memorial
- Where is it?
In the municipality of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, near Madrid
- When was it built and why?
Built between 1940-58. Was conceived by Franco to honor those who fell fighting
for his “Glorious Crusade” during the Spanish Civil War
- What does it contain?
One of the world’s largest basilicas and the tallest memorial cross in the world. The valley
that contains the monument is preserved as a national park and below lie the remains of 40,000 people. Franco’s
tomb and burial place is also located here
- Who had it built?
The monument was designed by architects Pedro Muguruza and Diego Mendez
- What is the controversy surrounding the site?
That the monument site is “like a Nazi concentration camp”
- What are YOUR thoughts on this site? Should it be razed, saved, or should something else entirely different be done?