Wisconsin Agriculture

Wisconsin Agriculture - AAE 320 Farming Systems Management...

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Unformatted text preview: AAE 320 Farming Systems Management Dr. Paul D. Mitchell 411 Taylor Hall 2656514 [email protected] Wisconsin Agriculture Wisconsin Agricultural Statistics 2007 On class webpage: www.aae.wisc.edu/aae320/main.html In Wisconsin, in 2006, there were 76,000 farms 15,300,000 acres in farms Average 201 acres/farm Generated $6.79 billion in cash receipts WI farms by Annual Sales 2006 Number Gross Value of Sales of Farms $1,000$9,999 36,200 $10,000$99,999 $100,000$249,999 $250,000$499,999 > 500000 Total for WI 21,300 11,600 4,300 2,600 76,000 % of Total 48% 28% 15% 6% 3% 100% Average Size (ac) 77 169 284 628 1,115 201 Number of Farms in WI Gross Sales ($1,000's/yr) $1 to $10 $10 to $100 $100 to $250 $250 to $500 > $500 Total 2003 37,000 21,500 12,100 3,900 2,000 76,500 2004 36,500 21,500 12,100 4,100 2,300 76,500 2005 36,500 21,400 11,700 4,400 2,500 76,500 2006 36,200 21,300 11,600 4,300 2,600 76,000 Average Size (ac) Gross Sales ($1,000's/yr) $1 to $10 $10 to $100 $100 to $250 $250 to $500 > $500 Total 2003 81 191 281 667 1,250 204 2004 79 181 281 634 1,174 203 2005 79 173 274 636 1,120 201 2006 77 169 284 628 1,115 201 What's Happening? The number of large farms is increasing The number of small and medium sized farms slowly decreasing The number of WI farmers "making a good living" is small (6,900 or about 9%) 300 fewer farms $10,000 $250,000 100 more farms $250,000 $500,000 100 more farms > $500,000 Wisconsin Farm Production 2006 Dairy Livestock Field Crops Vegetables/Fruits 54% of cash receipts 20% of cash receipts 15% of cash receipts 11% of cash receipts Wisconsin A Major Dairy State (2006 data) DAIRY Milk production Butter Cheese, total American Limburger Brick and Muenster Mozzarella Italian Dry whey Rank 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 unit Lbs. Lbs. Lbs. Lbs. Lbs. Lbs. Lbs. Lbs. Lbs. WI (1,000's) 23,398,000 378,838 2,467,664 820,877 39,794 845,765 1,176,321 299,514 820,877 % US US (1,000's) 12.9 181,798,000 26.2 25.9 21 41.6 26.9 29.5 28.5 21 1,448,482 9,534,331 3,912,606 95,563 3,144,562 3,988,502 1,049,139 3,912,606 #1 State California California Wisconsin Wisconsin Wisconsin Wisconsin California Wisconsin Wisconsin Wisconsin's Place in US Agriculture (2006) LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY Cattle and calves Milk cows Sheep Dairy Goats Chickens Broilers Trout, sold > 12'' Mink pelts Honey Eggs Rank 9 2 19 1 19 19 7 1 7 19 unit Head Head Head Head Head Head Lbs. Pelts Lbs. Eggs WI (1,000's) 3,400 1,245 92 33 6,527 38,300 575 885 5,952 1,284,000 % US 3.5 13.6 1.5 11.1 1.4 0.4 0.9 31 3.8 US (1,000's) 97,003 9,129 6,185 #1 State Texas California Texas 296 Wisconsin 453,036 8,882,000 61,534 Iowa Georgia Idaho 2,858 Wisconsin 154,846 N. Dakota Iowa 1.4 90,877,000 Wisconsin's Place in US Agriculture (2006) CROPS Corn for grain Corn for silage Oats Soybeans Wheat, all Barley Forage (dry equiv), all Rank 7 1 1 13 22 16 1 unit Bu. Tons Bu. Bu. Bu. Bu. Tons WI % US (1,000's) 400,400 14,110 14,490 72,160 18,290 1,620 10,458 3.8 13.5 15.5 2.3 1 0.9 10.4 US (1,000's) 10,534,868 104,849 93,764 3,188,247 1,812,036 180,051 100,635 #1 State Iowa Wisconsin Wisconsin Iowa Kansas N. Dakota Wisconsin Wisconsin's Place in US Agriculture (2006) CROPS Potatoes, all Dry edible beans Onions Cabbage (fresh) Sweet Corn (fresh) Carrots, processing Sweet Corn, processing Green Peas, processing Snap Beans, processing Cucumbers for pickles Rank 3 17 unit Cwt. Cwt. Cwt. Cwt. Cwt. Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons WI (1,000's) % US US (1,000's) #1 State Idaho North Dakota 29,370 108 570 820 539 95 611 65 297 33 6.8 434,683 0.4 0.8 3.2 2 21.8 19.8 16 37.8 6.5 24,247 73,054 25,686 26,740 435.6 3,086.4 409.9 785.8 505.2 12 9 13 3 3 3 1 4 California California Florida California Minnesota Minnesota Wisconsin Michigan CROPS Wisconsin's Place in US Agriculture (2006) Rank unit WI (1,000's) % US US (1,000's) 6 11 9 4 1 5 Lbs. Lbs. Cwt. Gals. Bbl. Lbs. 4,500 65,000 43 100 3,940 350 1.7 0.7 0.2 6.9 57.1 3.8 263,800 9,931,700 24,040 1,449 6,899 9,286 #1 State Cherries, tart Apples Strawberries Maple syrup Cranberries Mint for oil Michigan Washington California Vermont Wisconsin Washington Nationally important WI Agriculture Dairy is very important Milk cows and cattle Specialized livestock: mink, trout, honey Field crops: silage, corn, oats Vegetables: processing vegetables (sweet corn, snap beans, green peas, carrots), potatoes Fruits: cranberries, cherries, mint Main Point: Wisconsin Agriculture is very diversified Summary Most WI farmers are small farms that earn most of their income off the farm The number of WI farmers "making a living" is small (< 7,000 or about 9%) Dairy is the most important agricultural production in WI WI agriculture is quite diversified ...
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This note was uploaded on 08/08/2008 for the course AAE 320 taught by Professor Mitchell during the Spring '08 term at University of Wisconsin.

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