Exam_1_Study_Guide - cyclic ring Chapter 3 A IUPAC...

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CHM 201-Elements of Organic Chemistry Spring 2007 Exam 1 Study Guide Chapters 1-4 Chapter 1: A) Electron configuration of elements B) Drawing electron dot formulas C) Formal charge calculations of molecules D) Drawing sigma and pi bonds in molecules E) Hybridization of carbon Chapter 2: A) Drawing isomers of given alkane molecular formula. B) IUPAC Nomenclature of alkanes and cycloalkanes C) Expanding structural formulas D) Drawing stick diagrams E) Conformational isomerism a. Newman Projections F) Conformational isomerism of cyclohexanes a. Drawing cyclohexane’s isomers: three of them b. Knowing the positions on the cyclohexane ring (axial, equatorial) G) Conformational Isomerism of substituted cyclohexanes a. Stability of different isomers depending on the substituents attached to the ring and the position they are in b. Drawing ring flips H) Geometric isomerism of cyclic alkanes a. Cis/trans. b. Stability of cyclic alkanes depending on the substituent’s position attached to the
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Unformatted text preview: cyclic ring Chapter 3: A) IUPAC nomenclature of alkenes & alkynes. B) Skeletal, positional, & functional isomers in alkenes & alkynes. C) Geometric isomerism in alkenes a. Cis/trans b. E/Z D) Stability of cis/trans, E/Z isomers E) Units of Unsaturation Chapter 4 1. Be able to recognize substitution, addition and elimination reactions. 2. Free radical reactions & mechanism 3. Know how to draw energy diagrams that explains the reaction’s mechanism 4. Regioselectivity of free radical reactions; stability of free radicals made 5. Dehydrohalogenation reaction & mechanism 6. Dehydration reaction & mechanism 7. Stability of alkene products formed; Zaitsev’s rule MECHANISMS, MECHANISMS, MECHANISMS!!! Miscellaneous: A) Identification of functional groups by name and in molecules. B) Trends of the periodic table....
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