Functional_Groups - Alcohol Ethanol—beverage alcohol...

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Spring 2007 CHM 201 Functional Groups These are the functional groups that you should be able to identify on a molecule. There are others listed in the inside of the back cover of your textbook. Functional Functional Example Use or Occurrence Group Name Group of Example Alkane CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 Propane—rural or camping gas Alkene CH 2 =CH 2 Ethene—precursor of Polyethylene Alkyne C C H H Acetylene—used in oxy-acetylene torches Aromatic Tolune—high octane Gasoline components Carboxylic Acetic acid—vinegar Acid Acid Acetyl chloride—organic Chloride synthesis Acid Acetic anhydrous—organic Anhydrous synthesis Ester Ethyl formate—artificial rum flavoring agent Amide Urea—found in urine C C C C C C O OH C C H 3 O OH C O Cl C O Cl C H 3 C O O C O C C H 3 O O CH 3 C O C O O C C H O O CH 2 CH 3 C O C N O N H 2 NH 2 C
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Spring 2007 CHM 201 Functional Functional Example Use or Occurrence Group Name Group of Example Aldehyde Formaldehyde—biological preservative Ketone Acetone—fingernail polish remover
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Unformatted text preview: Alcohol Ethanol—beverage alcohol Phenol Phenol—antiseptic, local anesthetic Ether Diethyl ether—general anesthetic Thiol Propanethiol—from fresh onions Sulfide Allyl sulfide—flavor and odor of garlic Amine Methylamine—fishy odor Nitrile Acrylonitrile—used to make Orlon Nitro Racing fuel O H C O H H C O C C C O CH 3 C H 3 C OH C CH 3 CH 2 OH OH OH O C C O CH 2 CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 SH C CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 SH S C C S CH 2 CH CH 2 CH CH 2 C H 2 N CH 3 NH 2 N C N CH C H 2 C NO 2 C H 3 NO 2 Spring 2007 CHM 201 Functional Functional Example Use or Occurrence Group Name Group of Example Halides Freon—refrigerant and aerosol propellant Sulfonic Acid p-toluenesulfonic acid—dye chemistry and manufacturers of antidiabetic drugs X C CCl 2 F 2 SO 3 H C SO 3 H C H 3...
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