Functional_Groups

Functional_Groups - Alcohol Ethanolbeverage alcohol Phenol...

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Spring 2007 CHM 201 Functional Groups These are the functional groups that you should be able to identify on a molecule. There are others listed in the inside of the back cover of your textbook. Functional Functional Example Use or Occurrence Group Name Group of Example Alkane CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 Propane—rural or camping gas Alkene CH 2 =CH 2 Ethene—precursor of Polyethylene Alkyne C C H H Acetylene—used in oxy-acetylene torches Aromatic Tolune—high octane Gasoline components Carboxylic Acetic acid—vinegar Acid Acid Acetyl chloride—organic Chloride synthesis Acid Acetic anhydrous—organic Anhydrous synthesis Ester Ethyl formate—artificial rum flavoring agent Amide Urea—found in urine C C C C C C O OH C C H 3 O OH C O Cl C O Cl C H 3 C O O C O C C H 3 O O CH 3 C O C O O C C H O O CH 2 CH 3 C O C N O N H 2 NH 2 C
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Spring 2007 CHM 201 Functional Functional Example Use or Occurrence Group Name Group of Example Aldehyde Formaldehyde—biological preservative Ketone Acetone—fingernail polish remover
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Unformatted text preview: Alcohol Ethanolbeverage alcohol Phenol Phenolantiseptic, local anesthetic Ether Diethyl ethergeneral anesthetic Thiol Propanethiolfrom fresh onions Sulfide Allyl sulfideflavor and odor of garlic Amine Methylaminefishy odor Nitrile Acrylonitrileused to make Orlon Nitro Racing fuel O H C O H H C O C C C O CH 3 C H 3 C OH C CH 3 CH 2 OH OH OH O C C O CH 2 CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 SH C CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 SH S C C S CH 2 CH CH 2 CH CH 2 C H 2 N CH 3 NH 2 N C N CH C H 2 C NO 2 C H 3 NO 2 Spring 2007 CHM 201 Functional Functional Example Use or Occurrence Group Name Group of Example Halides Freonrefrigerant and aerosol propellant Sulfonic Acid p-toluenesulfonic aciddye chemistry and manufacturers of antidiabetic drugs X C CCl 2 F 2 SO 3 H C SO 3 H C H 3...
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2008 for the course CHM 201 taught by Professor Park during the Spring '07 term at Cal Poly Pomona.

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Functional_Groups - Alcohol Ethanolbeverage alcohol Phenol...

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