NURS 6521wk8nitialpost - NURS 6521N-30 Advanced Pharmacology WEEK 8 INITIAL POST Drug Treatments for HIV\/AIDS About 36.7 million people are living with

NURS 6521wk8nitialpost - NURS 6521N-30 Advanced...

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NURS 6521N-30: Advanced Pharmacology WEEK 8 INITIAL POST Drug Treatments for HIV/AIDS About 36.7 million people are living with HIV around the world, and as of June 2016, 17 million people living with HIV were receiving medicines to treat HIV, called antiretroviral therapy (ART). (Center for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2016). With the continuous advancements in healthcare there have been tremendous improvements in HIV/AIDS treatments which have helped patients live longer with fewer side effects. As of 2014, the global number of people living with HIV is 36.9 million, compared to 29.8 million in 2001 (World Health Organization [WHO], 2017, para. 1). The following discussion will explain why the prevalence of HIV cases might be attributed to increased complacency due to more advanced drug treatment options, as well as explain how health care professionals can help to change perceptions and increase awareness of the realities of the HIV. Finally, it will describe strategies to educate HIV positive patients on medication adherence, as well as safe practices to reduce the risk of infecting others. Complacency Related to Drug Advancements As HIV treatment has evolved from a complicated regimen of numerous pills taken several times a day with severe side effects to a now once-daily pill with few side effects, some persons living with HIV may have become complacent about maintaining safer sex and safer injection use practices (CDC, 2016). Persons with HIV who believe that using ART or having a suppressed viral load protects them against transmitting HIV, may be more likely to engage in unprotected sex or other risky behaviors (Mackellar et. al., 2011). Some studies have cautioned that the prevention benefits of effective ART would be offset by risk compensation, meaning that
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  • Fall '13
  • medication adherence

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