APUSH Chapter 36 - Jesi Miranda APUSH Essay Questions...

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Jesi Miranda APUSH Essay Questions- Chapter 36 1) Compare and contrast Truman's and Eisenhower's foreign policies. What was new about the "new look"? What illustrates the basic continuity of the containment doctrine? (Thesis and Paragraph) Thesis- Truman’s and Eisenhower’s foreign policies focused on the idea of containment by building up the military and showing the country’s military power to stop the spread of communism; however, Eisenhower altered Truman’s policy by extending the creation of nuclear arms. Paragraph- After World War II Truman took the nation into a different realm in foreign policy. The fear of the spread communism lead to the idea of a containment policy. This meant that the U.S. would intervene, help and support countries that try to fight against communism. In fact, the U.S. agreed upon the Truman Doctrine, which was meant to aid Turkey and Greece by providing them with both arms and money in order for them to not fall for the USSR. In 1947, the U.S. adopted the Marshall plan, which intended to provide financial aid to the European countries that were in ruin to look at the U.S. as an ally. President Truman took an interventionist policy after World War II because the U.S. had a strong military build up and had a strong economy. The economic stability enabled the U.S. to help West Berlin right after the USSR placed an embargo
on it. The U.S. took Japan under its wing and helped create a democratic government. The intervention approach that the U.S. had take was significant because it indicated that the U.S. was world power and it would begin to change up its military strategy with President Eisenhower. The Cold War shaped and defined President Eisenhower’s foreign policy; however, many critics thought he was too passive. In fact, Secretary of State John Foster Dulles advocated for a “new look” to U.S. foreign policy. This new policy would challenged the USSR and communist countries in general. He proposed brinkmanship which was that if the U.S. pushed communistic countries to the brink of war they would back down because of the nuclear arsenals that the U.S. held. The President adopted the idea but to a limited extent. The Secretary also proposed a massive retaliation, which meant that more money should go to creating nuclear weapons and air power, thus spending less on conventional forces. The atomic age had dawned and the whole war system would change forever. Eisenhower, adopted the policy of boldness and build a Strategic Air Command to create the nuclear weapons. Within a year the Soviets caught up with the creation of the hydrogen bomb, and as the Cold War moved on, the massive retaliation policy looked more like a mutual extinction type of thing. Eisenhower’s foreign policy was a wise choice because the U.S. had to show the world that it was no longer weak; however, the disadvantage of such power is that it would need to be the involved in foreign countries, thus, risking its reputation of a good country. As future efforts abroad would show, the U.S. will gain itself a tainted image.

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