senate intelligence report - ^CLASSIFIED Nofqrn TOP SECRET...

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^CLASSIFIED'TOPSECRETNofqrnSenateSelectComiiiitteeonInfelligeoeeCommitteeStudyoftheCentralIntelligenceAgmcy'sDetentionandInterrogationProgramSBg=53ForewordbySenateSelectCommitteeonIntelligenceChairmanBianneFeinsteinFindingsandConcliisioiisExecutiveSummaryApproved Deeember 13,,2012UpdatedforReleaseApril3,2014Deciassificatiori Revisions December 3,Ml4TQPSECRE^m¥QfmUNCLASSIFIED
UNCLASSIFIEDForewordOnApril3,2014,theSenateSelectCommitteeonIntelligencevotedtosendtheFindingsandConclusionsandtheExecutiveSummaryofitsfinalStudyontheCIA's DetentionandInterrogationProgramto thePresidentfordeclassificationand subsequent public release.Thisactionmarkedtheculminationofamonumentaleffortthatofficiallybeganwiththe Committee'sdecisiontoinitiatetheStudyinMarch2009,butwhichhaditsrootsinaninvestigationintotheCIA'sdestructionofvideotapesofCIAdetainee interrogations that beganin December 2007.ThefullCommitteeStudy,whichtotalsmorethan6,700pages,remainsclassifiedbutisnowanofficialSenatereport.ThefullreporthasbeenprovidedtotheWhiteHouse, the CIA, the Department ofJustice, the Department of Defense, theDepartmentofState,andtheOfficeoftheDirectorofNationalIntelligenceinthehopesthatit willpreventfuturecoerciveinterrogation practicesandinformthemanagement of other covert actionprograms.As the Chairmanofthe Committee since 2009,1 write to offer some additionalviews, context, and history.Ibeganmy service on theSenateIntelligenceCommitteeinJanuary2001.Iremember testimony that summer from George Tenet, the Director of CentralIntelligence, thatwarnedof a possible majorterrorist eventagainstthe UnitedStates,butwithout specifics on the time, location, or methodofattack. OnSeptember 11, 2001, theworldlearned the answers to those questions that hadconsumedtheCIAandotherpartsoftheU.S.IntelligenceCommunity.^I recall vividlywatching thehorror of that day, to includethe television footage ofinnocent men andwomenjumping out of theWorldTradeCentertowersto escapethe fire. The images, and the sounds as their bodies hit the pavement far below,will remain with me for the restofmy life.It is against that backdrop - the largest attack against the American homeland inour history - that the events described in this report were undertaken.'ForinformationontheeventsattheCIApriortoSeptember11,2001,seetheFinalReportoftheNationalCommissionon TerroristAttacksupontheUnitedStates(9/11Commission)andOfficeof theInspectorGeneralReport on CIA Accountability With Respect to the 9/11 Attacks.Page1of6UNCLASSIFIED
UNCLASSIFIEDNearly 13 years later, the Executive Summaryand Findings and Conclusionsofthis report are being released. They are highly critical of the CIA's actions, andrightfully so. Readingthem,it is easyto forget the contextin which the programbegan- not that the context shouldserveas an excuse, but rather as a warning forthe

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