lecture-5-7 - history of grape vitis vinifera global traveller extraordinaire from Caucasus(black to Caspian sea o border from Russia to Armenia and

lecture-5-7 - history of grape vitis vinifera global...

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history of grape:-vitis vinifera- global traveller extraordinaire-from Caucasus (black to Caspian sea)oborder from Russia to Armenia and Georgia-may have originated from Georgia-ancient records: pips (resilient), fossils, pots (have residue)otartaric acid in pots-can do chemical analysis-grape clusters 8000-6000 bc-pottery 6000-3000 bc-Neolithic revolution 10500-8000oHunter gatherers oCultivated grapes-6000 BCopicking barley (beer or bread)opottery (innovation)opots make archeological evidence-facilitated by the start of civilizationograpes rot and more labor intensiveomore specialoseasonaloneed technology for storage-who gets to drink wine:oaristocrat, religious leaderso-demand:oMesopotamia has the biggest market for itoWine trade-Proliferation:oMoved from Georgia to jordan river valley to Sinai peninsulaoPot residue suggest presence of wineoBy 4000 BCEgypt (3000 BC)Written records of wine trade and how to grow wineFrescoes in pyramids and tombsoScorpion I’s tomb in 5000 BC (wine jars)oCivilization moves from ME to MediterraneanGreeks (Minoan) 1500 to 500 BCMaritimeSister city states: Phoenicians (Lebanon)-
Sea bearing people: explore Mediterranean and started city statesTrade coloniesTransplant food you like into these areasCarpeginians (to Africa)Italy, sicily 800 BCMarseille 600 bcSpain 700 bcEveryone drank wineA lot of vineyards to meet demandAllowed to conquered other cities for source of foodoTaking genetic material and not seeds-Romans:oLargest civilizationoTake over Mediterranean Take grapes to franceoGermany: Romans set up ports where they have resources with themDifferent grapes in spain vs GermanyClimate-ChristianityoUses wine for religious ritualoCatholic churcho

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